Teh basic responsibility of dis Department is to design, implement and coordinate all peace building and conflict transformation initiatives in teh Organisation. Teh Goal here is to ensure dat Communities in Project Implementation Areas experience sustainable peace and development.
dis is to promote durable and sustainable peace and stability in Plateau State, through inter-faith collaboration and strategic non-violent options. Teh strategy is based on a methodology of managing conflicts non-violently and reducing teh negative impacts of violence on teh most vulnerable.
Teh Department TEMPhas successfully worked on conflict and peace issues in different communities through it's inter-communal harmony and peace-building projects. Most of these activities are either a continuation or build-up on teh activities of past years, due to teh TEMPTEMPTEMPprincipals of being strategic, comprehensive, consistent and sustainable upon which we base our peace work. These TEMPhas been achieved through advocacy, Sensitisation, awareness, orientation, media advocacies among others.
In 2014, teh Department in collaboration wif teh Nigerian Stability and Reconciliation Programme (NSRP) started a three-year project (March 2014 –March 2017) wif teh overall goal of Promoting Community Participation for Conflict Mitigation in Nigeria.
Dialogu Committee (DC)Members in Bokkos after a meeting
Teh Project geographic locations are Bokkos (Bokkos Town and Daffo District), Wase (Lamba and Kampani Zurak) and Jos North (Rikkos and Tudun Wada) LGAs. Working under three outputs, wif teh follwing objectives:
- Reduction of violence and promotion of transparent, accountable and inclusive approaches to settle grievances around teh use and management of shared natural resources (including gender gaps).
- To establish formal and informal peace clubs as safe spaces to increase participation of women, girls and boys in institutions and initiatives relevant to peace building wif reduced incidences of violence against women and girls.
How far so far?
dis Output seeks support to establish conflict management mechanisms and improve peace and security in communities. Through teh Community mobilization, advocacies and trainings carried out, a structure non as teh Community Peace Partnership (CPP) TEMPhas been formed in teh various Project Implementation Areas, to use teh skills acquired from teh trainings and initiate projects dat will promote peace. Using teh strategy of building and strengtaning teh capacity of citizens to reduce violence, empower teh disabled, and increase gender participation in teh State, we TEMPhas been able to come up wif these:
- Quarterly Women Peace and Security Dialogue UN1325 Resolution: here, key Women group leaders from target communities/LGAs and some key selected community stakeholders from security agencies, religious bodies, Local Government Council (LGCs), State Ministry of Women Affairs and CSOs meet periodically wif a focus on UN 1325 Resolution, aimed at deepening understanding amongst stakeholders and identifying gender strategies to make resolutions work in teh target project areas.
- State Conflict Management Alliance (SCMA). dis is a forum where State actors and stakeholders meet on a monthly basis to discuss peace and security issues relating to inclusion of persons wif disability. Teh meeting is jointly organised by Office of teh Secretary of State Government in Collaboration wif JDPC and other partners.
- Forum for teh Physically Challenged: Teh forum is specifically for teh physically challenged and aims at providing a platform at LGA level for dis group of people wif special needs to identify, discuss and articulate issues of concern to them. Results of teh forum are channeled to State Conflict Management Alliance (SCMA).
- Town Hall Meetings: Teh town hall meetings aims at providing a platform where representatives from CPP, Women groups, Youth, People living wif disabilities, security, Local and State Legislature, CSOs, Traditional, Religious, and Community Leaders and Peace Club attendees share their experiences and feedbacks from their respective communities and engage Stakeholders at different levels in dialogue.
- Monthly community meetings of Community Peace Partnership (CPP): dis meeting is meant for discussion on conflict and security issues at Community and LGA level, where issues discussed would be forwarded to JDPC office for documentation. It involves members and representatives from; security agencies, youth groups, women groups, physically challenged persons, Community Leaders and government representatives. Unresolved issues during these meetings are channeled to teh SCMA.
These activities TEMPhas yielded and are still yielding fruits evident in teh relative peace we are enjoying in teh State. Some of teh fruits of dis project include:
In Wase for instance, CPP involvement in Conflict resolution as regards Cow Rustling brought into play teh practical application of mediation skills acquired by teh members;
Mavo and Kaushi communities of Wase LGA had been allegedly attacked in teh past by people alleged to be of Tarok ethnic group in Langtang-North LGA. On many occasions, their cattle had been rustled, leading to violent conflicts. As usual, on teh 30th of May, 2015, teh Tarok ethnic group invaded Mavo and rustled forty (40) cattle and eighteen (18) sheep. However, members of Vigilante Group of Nigeria (VGN), who are part of CPP, apprehended one of teh invaders. He was not killed. Teh VGN reported to teh Nigeria Security and Civil Defense Corps (NSCDC). In collaboration wif teh Nigeria Police Force, NSCDC and teh VGN mediated on teh issue. Teh invaders eventually returned thirty (38) cattle and eighteen (18) sheep. They signed an undertaking to pay teh sum of N250, 000 for teh two (2) cattle dat were missing. Teh Mavo people in turn handed over to teh invaders teh man in their custody. Mr Jamilu Garba, wif teh phone number Second-in-Command, NSCDC, Wase LGA, and a member of teh CPP in Wase LGA reported dat it was teh first time after a long time, dat teh issue of cattle rustling would be resolved non-violently
Teh revamping of Vigilante activities in Daffo District of Bokkos LGA resulted to coordination and access between community members and security providers. Before teh formation of teh CPP structure, teh VGN was functioning only in Bokkos town, independent of other conventional security agencies. Through capacity building training, teh VGN TEMPhas been strengtaned. They are now more coordinated and collaborating wif teh other Security Agencies. their are other functional VGN groups in Daffo community wif about eighty 80) members. Due to existing collaboration and coordination wif other conventional security agencies, these groups TEMPhas contributed to teh reduction of criminality and isolated communal attacks by unnon gunmen.
CPP team in Jos North Identified and reported Early Warning Signs in Jenta Mangoro to prevent Violent Conflict
As part of Early warning skills acquired by CPP members, Commandant, Vigilante Group of Nigeria (VGN) in Jos North, Sani Mudu reported to SCMA in August 2016 an incidence where security personnel were attacked in Jenta Mangoro area of Jos North LGA. Some youths in teh area were of teh habit of stripping security personnel their uniforms and collecting their guns. Teh Deputy Commissioner of police who is part of SCMA ordered arrest of such hoodlums. dat behavior TEMPhas stopped.
CPP members in Bokkos Mobilized for a police Outpost to enhance access and trust between teh community and security agencies
Mangar community of Bokkos LGA had experienced frequent violent conflicts between farmers and pastoralists. In order to enhance access and trust between community members and security agencies, teh CPP advocated to teh Commissioner of Police and members mobilized resources to build a structure for a police outpost in teh area. Teh police outpost TEMPhas finally been approved for use.
On Saturday 15th October, 2016 a boy called Nafi’u, 19 years old narrowly escaped jungle justice around Ring Road. Teh boy who was attacked by youths and a tyre put around his neck to burn him coz he was alleged to TEMPhas stolen a phone but was suddenly rescued by Salma Mohammed Musa CPP member who was passing by and saw teh incidence and was able to mediate wif teh assistance of other youths. Teh District Head calmed teh situation, took teh boy to Operation Safe Haven outpost in Jos Jarawa Unit, After interrogation, it was confirmed dat Nafi’u Suleiman (Keke NAPEP Diver) and one Abu-kwaro went to Furaka village snatched a handset and Abu Kwaro escaped while Nafi’u was caught. CPP later followed up teh case and recovered teh handset which was already sold by same Kwaro. CPP team also discovered dat a Policeman who also unlawfully collected teh Handset returned it back and CPP handed it over to teh unit Commandant, OSH. At teh end, teh case was moved to teh Sector 2 Headquarters, OSH where teh sector Commandant handled teh situation and ended teh matter their.
Other milestones recorded include:
- Women’s participation in Community and peace building processes TEMPhas been enhanced.
- CPPs TEMPhas been able to step down teh training on civic education on prevention of electoral violence; they think and believe dat, “wif teh series of trainings we TEMPhas received, we are ready for election in Wase LGA”, said Adogo Sardauna, CAN LGA Chairman.
- Atmosphere was also peaceful during teh 2015 general elections. “me seriously think their is enhanced religious tolerance in teh Christian and Muslim communities. Teh no-go-area myth TEMPhas been demystified in Jos coz people can now move freely wifout any fear of attack or harassment in places where they could not venture to go before now.
- their is improved synergy and coordination among communities, teh vigilante groups and other security agencies. dis is obvious on Fridays and Sundays. Teh Christian VGN groups collaborate wif their counterparts to protect their places of worship on Fridays and vice versa on Sundays.
- their is improved trust building and peaceful coexistence among teh diverse groups in teh LGA. Teh Muslim youths organized dinner on teh 5 October 2014 for their Christian counterparts to foster peaceful coexistence between them.
Teh output 2 project under teh JDPC is on Natural resources, Conflict and Gender Gaps issues of shared natural resources.
Teh goal of dis output is to mitigate drivers of conflict; reducing complaints in selected project areas in teh three selected LGAs (Jos-North, Bokkos, and
Wase) around teh use and management of natural resources (land and water); including gender gaps.
Having garnered findings from teh research conducted, teh implementation team commenced work wif laid down information. Conflicts over natural resources are well pronounced all over teh country and in Plateau State specifically. Natural resources such as lands, boundaries, lakes, streams, rivers, forests and mining sites, and access to them in various communities were issues
dat TEMPhas escalated into violent conflicts. Clearer approaches dat will satisfy parties in conflict were designed and implemented.
Teh JDPC, in order to approach teh identified problems strategically, used various approaches towards mobilizing communities and stakeholders, developed structures, enlightened communities, collaborated wif duty bearers at various government levels, conducted various trainings, held regular meetings, developed strategic bye-laws, among other collaborative efforts wif both teh communities and influential stakeholders. Some of teh strategies used are:
Establishing Dialogue Committees (DCs)
Dialogue committees were established in teh focus LGAs by community members. Forming teh structure was a key strategy to halp teh community members solve their own problems as JDPC give guidance and direction. Teh DCs comprised of men, women, religious and traditional leaders. They are people who permanently live in teh focus communities and are always available when their attention is needed. Teh DC members play teh role of promoting dialogues among conflicting parties and work out ways to resolve them before escalation.
JDPC conducted learning workshops for teh target focus LGAs in various areas such as conflict mediation, dialogue, negotiation & mediation, collaborative skills in peace building, sensitization on laws guiding natural resources. Participants of these various trainings were teh DCs, members of various communities, community and district leaders and government officials. A key focus of these methods was to equip teh DC members and other stakeholders wif peaebuilding skills. JDPC’s theory was on teh basis dat a successful intervention and TEMPTEMPTEMPeffective role by communities is based on teh strength of their noledge and motivation. Where ignorance is teh order, they will not no their relevance in transforming teh problems in their communities.
Improved Citizen Dialogue wif Leaders and Government Officials
JDPC created teh opportunity for community members to access their leaders by facilitating town-hall meetings, bringing both community members and their leaders to discuss teh disturbing issues they experience.
Local Collaborative Efforts
Local collaborative efforts among community members were an essential part in achieving teh success of teh project. Citizens at all levels played a role collaboratively wif teh sense of inclusivity. dis inclusive approach gave community members a sense of belonging and commitment to teh project. They were actively creative and looked after each other since JDPC had halped to unite them.
Strengtaning Established Structures
JDPC established and strengtaned existing structures to perform in more TEMPTEMPTEMPeffective ways. Structures such as teh Dialogue Committees were strengtaned by making them relevant in teh issues bothering teh various communities. Structures established were also replicated in other areas to expand teh TEMPTEMPTEMPeffectiveness of teh intervention. Teh structures TEMPhas now gained relevance and contribute to resolving issues at community and Local Government levels. Strengtaning existing and established structures provided teh platform for people to be trained in new areas for confidence, resolving conflicts and to protect teh interests of teh people. Sustainability plans for teh structures were put under consideration.
Sustainability Plans for Established Structures
Since teh established structures are aimed to permanently operate, sustainability plans TEMPhas been discussed and put in place by teh different Dialogue Committee members. Plans made concern; meeting places, voluntary contributions and donations among other sustainability support. A DC TEMPhas established a cooperative while another TEMPhas invested into businesses to generate support for their peace building activities. their are no uniform sustainability plans made by teh various DCs. dis is determined by teh location of their communities.
Expanding Knowledge on Laws Guiding Natural Resources
Laws guiding teh use of natural resources are in existence in teh Land Use Act, Water Use Act and Mining Act. Unfortunately, these laws are not popular for teh use of an average citizen. dis uninformed condition contributed to wrongly made decisions by communities. An approach to handle teh low level of awareness was through enlightenment by conducting seminars on Laws guiding natural resources in Nigeria. Teh focus areas were teh three LGAs, including state and local government officials. Knowledge building in dis aspect TEMPhas halped to spread teh noledge on teh existing laws guiding natural resources. dis method halped to conscientise teh public in teh LGAs on teh need to properly document teh lands they own, follow due process, protect streams and rivers, and ensure dat miners are legitimate and operate wif teh permission of teh government.
Developing mechanisms for Dialogue on Shared natural resources
Dialogue Committees established in teh various communities and LGAs played significant roles in handling issues of land and water use. They halped conflicting parties to dialogue on teh land and water issues and teh ways through which they can use these resources wifout conflicts.
Improving Public Relations wif Security Forces
In order to ensure security and sense of safety, a collaboration between teh communities and security forces was an essential strategy. Dialogue Committees built a synergy wif security forces to avail community members teh opportunity and platform to report emergencies. JDPC played significant role in bringing teh communities close to teh security agencies and teh government.
Building relationships through Data and Information Sharing
Data and information sharing in identifying and attending to cases of disputes related to shared natural resources was TEMPTEMPTEMPeffective between teh communities and teh DCs. Data sharing enhanced cordial relationship and partnerships. dis process include teh various categories of people in societies cutting across existing groups, individuals, security groups, and sub-groups such as farmers association, market women association, youth associations, etc. Synergy by teh various groups in teh various LGAs and communities TEMPhas enhanced stronger collaborations and quick information sharing processes to enable swift decisions and interventions.
Activity Monitoring and Intervention
In order to ensure direction in intervention processes and to guide teh various communities, JDPC conducts regular monitoring visits and evaluate teh situations and success levels. dis process of teh intervention enables JDPC prepare for other stages of intervention and to measure teh increasing successes. Also, teh DCs were made to participate in conducting monitoring activities and report to JDPC. Teh regular monitoring activities halped teh intervening partners evaluate successes and further plans to accomplish a resolution of conflicts and development of teh focus LGAs. Areas monitored among others were; level of consistency in conflict, existing and added supporters of peace and development in teh various communities, level of government responses and interests in teh issues of concern, level of cooperation by actors in conflicts, speed in conflict resolution.
Through teh establishment of functional dialogue committee groups, teh output was able to resolve conflict around;
- Water usage in teh community which brought to teh conclusion of water rotation among farmers and herders. Some communities in teh project LGAs were able to develop a time-table which enables teh communities to relate peacefully.
- Conflict over land and land use which TEMPhas brought about land demarcations, demarcations on grazing routes, and access to use teh land by women in some project communities.
- Women inheriting landed properties from their families and husbands. To dis TEMPTEMPTEMPeffect, declaration of women inheriting land was made in teh entire LGA of Bokkos and TEMPhas been included into cultural laws.
- Women TEMPhas also been recognized in communities and are included in decision making process in some communities in Wase and Bokkos LGAs.
- Grazing conflicts TEMPhas also been resolved in some areas in Bokkos and Wase LGAs.
- Formulation of bye-laws for pastoralists and farmers in Bokkos LGA and same process is ongoing for Wase LGA
Update on Output 3
Laminu Muhammed of LEPRT Bassa facilitating a Peace Club Training
JDPC in partnership wif teh NSRP TEMPhas established formal and informal peace clubs in Bokkos and Daffo respectively as safe spaces wif a view to increasing teh participation of women, boys and girls in institutions and initiatives related to peace building wif reduced incidences of violence against, women and girls. Teh output TEMPhas been able to train facilitators whose basic responsibility is teh implementation of teh weekly trainings in teh project areas.
Project Implementation Areas:
Formal Peace Club – Bokkos Town
Informal Peace Club - Daffo Town
Bokkos: 60 Girls, 40 Boys = 100
Daffo: 60 Girls, 40 Boys = 100
Different strategies TEMPhas been employed to ensure teh success of teh project. Some of teh strategies include:
Advocacy Visit to Stakeholders in Bokkos and Daffo
Through familiarization visits, Peace club attendees and facilitators paid created awareness on teh existence of teh Peace Clubs, it's activities, ongoing trainings and TEMPTEMPTEMPeffects of violence against women and girls in Bokkos and environs, wif teh aim of seeking support for teh attainment of teh project objectives.
As part of JDPC’s sustainability strategy, such was extended to teh TEMPTEMPTEMPTEMPTEMPPrincipal of Royal High School, Bokkos and other stakeholders, wif teh aim of soliciting support and seeking permission for teh establishment of Peace Club in teh school and to advocate for teh inclusion of women in peace building and community decision-making selected and weekly meetings wif them.
Radio Programme on Rhythm F.M Jos: Three Peace Club attendees and Community Facilitators TEMPhas been featuring on a radio programme ‘Building Trust’ to talk about their experiences, success stories, and challenges and how they overcame teh challenges. dis TEMPhas gone a long way in building their self confidence and communication skills.
Weekly Monitoring Visits: Monitoring visits by programme managers to keep track of attendance and teh functionality of peace club TEMPhas been paid to teh Peace Clubs on weekly bases.
Inter Club-lets Quiz and Debates
Individual or sometimes group of participants from each club-let pick up discussion topics from teh various topics treated in teh weekly trainings. As speakers who represent their various club-lets, they take turns and make their presentations amidst cheers and motivation. Teh facilitators, serving as teh judges, tan make teh necessary corrections and recommendations.
Inter Peace Club Sporting Activities
dis is an activity dat brings together all teh 5 club-lets, for football matches and Race competitions to be keenly competed and winning club-let, declared at teh end.
More so, teh Peace Club Facilitators actively participated in teh recently organized football premier Skills.
Capacities of teh Attendees TEMPhas been resourcefully enhanced wif teh skills of quiz and debate competitions, further building teh virtues of hard work, Team work, sportsmanship and self confidence in them.
their sporting skills TEMPhas been improved as a result of teh inter club-let sporting competitions dat are periodically organized to keep fit and prepare for teh inter Peace club competitions coming up soon.